What are cookie files?
Cookies should be understood as data files, in particular text files, stored in users’ devices and intended to assist in browsing website pages. Such files enable recognition of the user’s device and displaying a web page in a manner that best suits the user’s individual preferences. Cookies usually contain the title of the web page they originate from, and specify their lifetime in the device and a unique ID tag.
What purposes are cookies used for?
Cookies are used in order to adjust the content of the website to suit the user’s preferences and to optimise website browsing. They are also used to generate anonymous aggregated statistics to help us understand how the user browses the website so that we could improve the website structure and content, excluding personal identification of the user.
What types of cookies are used?
Two types of cookies are used: session cookies and persistent cookies. Session cookies are temporary files stored in the user’s device until the user signs out or closes the search engine (i.e. the browser). Persistent cookies remain stored in the user’s device until they reach their expiry date set in the cookie file parameters or are manually deleted by the user.
Do cookies contain any personal information?
Any personal information obtained using cookies may be collected solely for the purposes of performing certain functions for the user. Such information is encrypted in a manner that prevents any unauthorised access to it.
Deletion of cookies
How to disable cookies?
- Click Firefox on the top of the browser window (for Windows XP click the Tools menu) and choose Options.
- Select the Privacy panel.
- Set Firefox will: in the drop-down list to Use custom settings for history.
- Check mark Accept cookies from sites to enable cookies and uncheck it to disable them.
- Choose how long cookies are to be stored:
- Keep until: they expire – a cookie will be removed when it reaches its expiration date, which is set by the site that sent the cookie.
- Keep until: I close Firefox – the cookies that are stored on the computer will be removed when Firefox is closed.
- Keep until: Ask me every time – displays an alert every time a website tries to send a cookie and asks you whether or not you want to store it.
- Click OK to close the Options window.
For Google Chrome:
- Click the Chrome menu on the browser toolbar.
- Select Settings.
- Click Show advanced settings.
- In the Privacy section click the Content settings button.
- In the Cookies section you can change the following cookie settings:
- Block cookies by default. Block all cookies: Select “Block sites from setting any data”. Keep in mind that selecting this setting will prevent most sites that require you to sign in from working.
- Block only third-party cookies: Select the “Ignore exceptions and block third-party cookies from being set” checkbox. Even if you have added a site to the “Exceptions” list and have chosen to allow its cookies, the site’s third-party cookies will not be accepted if this checkbox is selected.
- Allow cookies by default. If you want to allow both your own and third-party cookies, select “Allow local data to be set”. If you want to accept only your own cookies, select the “Block all third-party cookies without exception” checkbox.
For Internet Explorer 9:
In the browser window select Tools and then choose Internet Options.• 2. Click the Privacy tab. Under Settings, move the slider to the top to block all cookies or to the bottom to allow all cookies, and then click the OK button.